Ujjayi pranayama derives its name from the prefix "Ud" in the word Ujjayi meaning aloud. A loud sound is produced during the
performance of this pranayama.
general guidelines for pranayama before starting this pranayama.
- Sit on your favourite Asana (
Padma asana, Vajra asana or Sukh asana)
in a well ventilated room free from any distractions. Keep the waist,
back, neck and spine erect. For the beginners to yoga breathing, you can
sit on a chair. Do as per your potential, do not tax your body. Any
time you feel discomfort, discontinue and take rest.
- First exhale fully.
- During inhalation your glottis should remain partially closed. Glottis is the opening between the vocal chords.
- While inhaling, produce a sound as if you are sobbing, by partially closing the glottis.
- The face muscles should not be contracted during inhalation.
Abdominal muscles should be well controlled. Inhale smoothly and
- After deep inhalation, retain your breath as long as possible.
While retaining breath do Jalandhara bandh (lock your chin, touch your
chin with your chest).
- Initially, try to retain breath for 8 to 10 seconds. Gradually increase the time of retention of breath.
- After retaining breath, first open the Jalandhar bandh and then
exhale slowly. The glottis should all along remain partially closed.
- This is one set.
Initially do 2 or 3 sets, gradually increase to 10 sets.
- This pranayama is beneficial for people suffering from diseases of lungs, chest and throat.
- Purifies blood and improves blood circulation.