Ujjayi Pranayama

Ujjayi pranayama derives its name from the prefix "Ud" in the word Ujjayi meaning aloud. A loud sound is produced during the performance of this pranayama.


Read general guidelines for pranayama before starting this pranayama.

  • Sit on your favourite Asana ( Padma asana, Vajra asana or Sukh asana) in a well ventilated room free from any distractions. Keep the waist, back, neck and spine erect. For the beginners to yoga breathing, you can sit on a chair. Do as per your potential, do not tax your body. Any time you feel discomfort, discontinue and take rest.


  • First exhale fully.
  • During inhalation your glottis should remain partially closed. Glottis is the opening between the vocal chords.
  • While inhaling, produce a sound as if you are sobbing, by partially closing the glottis.
  • The face muscles should not be contracted during inhalation. Abdominal muscles should be well controlled. Inhale smoothly and uniformly.
  • After deep inhalation, retain your breath as long as possible. While retaining breath do Jalandhara bandh (lock your chin, touch your chin with your chest).
  • Initially, try to retain breath for 8 to 10 seconds. Gradually increase the time of retention of breath.
  • After retaining breath, first open the Jalandhar bandh and then exhale slowly. The glottis should all along remain partially closed.
  • This is one set.


Initially do 2 or 3 sets, gradually increase to 10 sets.


  • This pranayama is beneficial for people suffering from diseases of lungs, chest and throat.
  • Purifies blood and improves blood circulation.

› Ujjayi Pranayama

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